University of Birmingham > Talks@bham > Astrophysics Seminars > The mass gap, the spin gap, and the origin of merging binary black holes

The mass gap, the spin gap, and the origin of merging binary black holes

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  • UserVishal Baibhav, John Hopkins
  • ClockWednesday 08 July 2020, 14:00-15:00
  • Houseonline .

If you have a question about this talk, please contact Silvia Toonen.

Two of the dominant channels to produce the black-hole binary mergers observed by LIGO and Virgo are believed to be the isolated evolution of stellar binaries in the field and dynamical formation in star clusters. Their relative efficiency can be characterized by a “mixing fraction.” Pair instabilities prevent stellar collapse from generating black holes more massive than about 45 M_sun . This “mass gap” only applies to the field formation scenario, and it can be filled by repeated mergers in clusters. Similar reasoning applies to the binary’s effective spin. If black holes are born slowly rotating, the high-spin portion of the parameter space (the “spin gap”) can only be populated by black hole binaries that were assembled dynamically. In this talk, I will show how future gravitational-wave events in either the mass gap, the spin gap, or both can be leveraged to infer the mixing fraction between the field and cluster formation channels.

This talk is part of the Astrophysics Seminars series.

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