University of Birmingham > Talks@bham > Cold atoms > Optical Microresonators - Frequency Combs and Symmetry Breaking of Counterpropagating Light

Optical Microresonators - Frequency Combs and Symmetry Breaking of Counterpropagating Light

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If you have a question about this talk, please contact Dr Giovanni Barontini.

Microresonator-based frequency combs (“microcombs”) have attracted a lot of attention for their potential applications in precision metrology, gas sensing, arbitrary optical waveform generation, telecommunication and integrated photonic circuits. Microcombs are generated in ultra-high-Q optical resonators that enable the confinement of extremely high optical power levels in tiny mode-volumes. The high optical power densities lead to the conversion of a continuous wave laser into a comb of equidistant optical modes that can be used like a ruler for optical frequency measurements. This seminar presents new results in the field of microresonator-based frequency combs, which are a promising candidate to realize out-of-the-lab applications for this technology.

The second part of the seminar presents results on optically induced symmetry breaking between counter-propagating light in microresonators. This effect shows that microresonators can act as nonreciprocal devices that transmit light in one direction but not in the other. The symmetry breaking can be used for optical diodes, circulators and for the development of integrated optical gyroscopes.

This talk is part of the Cold atoms series.

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