University of Birmingham > Talks@bham > Medical Imaging Research Seminars > Simultaneous electroencephalography and functional near-infrared spectroscopy for accurate diagnosis of prolonged disorders of consciousness (PDOC)

Simultaneous electroencephalography and functional near-infrared spectroscopy for accurate diagnosis of prolonged disorders of consciousness (PDOC)

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If you have a question about this talk, please contact Matthaios Doulgerakis.

Brain injury is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Following severe traumatic brain injury, patients with PDOC , such as the Vegetative State (VS), do not actively respond to motor movement tasks and are therefore considered to be entirely unaware. To be conscious it is required that one is awake and aware of his/her surroundings, and so being diagnosed as vegetative can have ethical and legal implications of withdrawing the patients life-sustaining treatment. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in isolation and in combination with electroencephalography (EEG) has significantly contributed to our understanding of PDOC , and correctly (re)diagnosed countless patients in the VS. Nevertheless limitations of fMRI point towards functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) as a mobile alternative that detects the same neural response. In this talk I will present the advantages and disadvantages of EEG , fMRI and fNIRS and will describe how computational advancements and simultaneous use of EEG -fNIRS has great future potential in the clinic to accurately diagnose patients in the VS.

This talk is part of the Medical Imaging Research Seminars series.

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