University of Birmingham > Talks@bham > Theoretical Physics Seminars > Hierarchy of modes in an interacting system

Hierarchy of modes in an interacting system

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  • UserOleksandr Tsyplyatyev, UoB
  • ClockThursday 25 September 2014, 13:45-15:00
  • HouseTheory Library.

If you have a question about this talk, please contact Kevin Ralley.

Studying interacting fermions in 1D at high energy, we find a hierarchy in the spectral weights of the excitations theoretically and we observe evidence for second-level excitations experimentally. Diagonalising a model of fermions (without spin), we show that levels of the hierarchy are separated by powers of (R/L)^2, where R is a length-scale related to interactions and L is the system length. The first-level (strongest) excitations form a mode with parabolic dispersion, like that of a renormalised single particle. The second-level excitations produce a singular power-law line shape to the first-level mode and multiple power-laws at the spectral edge. We measure momentum-resolved tunneling of electrons (fermions with spin) from/to a wire formed within a GaAs heterostructure, which shows parabolic dispersion of the first-level mode and well-resolved spin-charge separation at low energy with appreciable interaction strength. We find structure resembling the second-level excitations, which dies away quite rapidly at high momentum.

This talk is part of the Theoretical Physics Seminars series.

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